Workshop "Copernicus and Italy 2023"

What did Copernicus have to do with Italy? What was the question of the heliocentric theory before and after the Polish astronomer's discoveries? How was he depicted in iconography and what were the research methods of the time? These and other questions were answered at the "Copernicus and Italy 2023" conference.

The event, organized by the National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF) and the Astronomical Observatory in Rome, is an initiative to introduce the figure and scientific activities of Nicolaus Copernicus. On September 28-30, 2023, an International Congress devoted to this topic is being held in cooperation with the Società Astronomica Italiana, the Polish Institute in Rome, the Scientific Station of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Rome and Italian universities (Rome Sapienza, Bologna, Ferrara, Padua), all under the auspices of the Accademia dei Lincei.

The theme of the conference centers around Nicolaus Copernicus' multifaceted relationship with Italy, in a biographical, historical, cultural and scientific context, with particular emphasis on his stay in Rome. Also discussed will be Copernicus' scientific activities, as well as the early reception of Copernican ideas in a national context. The program of the event includes a visit to places in the center of Rome associated with Copernicus (a walk between Palazzo della Cancelleria, Piazza Sant'Eustachio and Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza) and monuments important to astronomical science during the Renaissance (Villa Farnesina, Palazzo Patrizi-Montoro).

As part of the events on the occasion of the European Night of Scientists, a lecture on the scientist, open to the public, was held at the Polish Institute on 28.09 at 21:00. Professor Lucio Russo, mathematician and historian of science from the University of Tor Vergata, presented a lecture entitled "Heliocentrism before and after Copernicus."

About 100 participants are attending the event, including well-known astronomers and historians of science such as Robert Westman [UC San Diego], André Goddu [Stonehill College, Easton MA], Michael Shank [University of Wisconsin-Madison WI] e Rivka Feldhay [Cohn Institute - Tel Aviv University].

What's more, a small exhibition of Copernican relics has been organized on the grounds of the Monte Mario Museum, including the first edition of "De Revolutionibus" and a valuable manuscript of "Notabilia Cencelleriae," on which Copernicus probably studied canon law at the University of Bologna.